~e; Electromagnetic News & Views #94

From brian carroll <human@electronetwork.org>
Date Sun, 21 Mar 2004 14:41:27 -0600

Electromagnetic News & Views -- #94

00) Electronetwork.org Commentary (3/21/2004)

01) Top Stories of Electromagnetism
02) Electromagnetic health & safety
03) Electromagnetic trash & treasure
04) Electromagnetic security & surveillance
05) Electromagnetic power & energy
06) Electromagnetic current & human affairs
07) Electromagnetic transport & communication
08) Electromagnetic matter & information
09) Electromagnetic trends & inventions
10) Electromagnetic weaponry & warfare
11) Electromagnetic business & economics
12) Electromagnetic artworks & artifacts

00) --commentary-- (lots of interrelated 'top stories'...)

Maybe it was missed, yet I have yet to see in-depth reporting on
any news station about Judge Scalia's refusal for recusal from
the VP Cheney Energy Task Force case. This is so basic an issue
that relates to all others yet it is now as if it does not exist.
Again, if immunity were given to most all energy representatives
involved in the energy task force, it could be a way to go forward
with a focus on the reason for doing so, the integrity of national
security and energy policy and to be able to address the situation.
Right now everything is stuck and nothing is happened, which is a
threat to security of critical infrastructure and other policies.
Integrity in the direction of energy planning is needed immediately.
There is a looming gas/oil crisis, an economy dependent upon it, a
transporation infrastructure unable to adapt to other fuels, there
are effects from massive pollution and inefficiencies, and all of
this could be creatively addressed if only it was a public goal.
Nuclear, coal, oil/gas, hydro, and alternative energies all have
important places- and none should jeopardize larger public policy
to adapt to the changing situation and make the needed changes...

01) --top stories--

// outstanding article and buttresses all arguments for a new approach  
// the energy situation in the .US and worldwide, given the givens. it  
// possible it is the best economic choice, too, to plan instead of  
// the four areas mentioned in the article give a sense of things to  
// wonder if two-approaches could co-exist, artificial intelligence at  
// ends of the grids and rule-based decisions at the other working  
// it should be noted: it has been reported that what Enron was trying  
to do
// in the energy sector was moving towards such fundamental industry  
// ('virtual utility' of fuel-cell cars in a parking lots as  

Building the energy internet // EPRI. microgrids. via sci-tech daily  
review ***
Energy: More and bigger blackouts lie ahead, unless today's dumb
electricity grid can be transformed into a smart, responsive and
self-healing digital network—in short, an "energy internet"

	'The chief reason for concern is not what the industry calls "poor  
vegetation management", even though both of last year's big power cuts  
were precipitated by mischievous trees. It will never be possible to  
prevent natural forces from affecting power lines. The real test of any  
network's resilience is how quickly and intelligently it can handle  
such disruptions.' ... '... [T]ransforming today's centralised, dumb  
power grid into something closer to a smart, distributed network will  
be necessary to provide a reliable power supply—and to make possible  
innovative new energy services.' ... 'The good news is that  
technologies are now being developed in four areas that point the way  
towards the smart grid of the future.....'  [on micropower] '... the  
grid will be transformed into a digital network capable of handling  
complex, multi- directional flows of power. Micropower and megapower  
will then work together.' ... '...[hydrogen's] most dramatic impact may  
well come in power generation. That is because hydrogen could radically  
alter the economics of intermittent sources of green power.'

al-Qaida No. 2: We Have Briefcase Nukes // ~90% complete, the dark wind?

	'Osama bin Laden's terror network claims to have bought ready-made  
nuclear weapons on the black market in central Asia, the biographer of  
al-Qaida's No. 2 leader was quoted as telling an Australian television  
station.' .. 'In an interview scheduled to be televised on Monday,  
Pakistani journalist Hamid Mir said Ayman al-Zawahri claimed that  
"smart briefcase bombs" were available on the black market.' ... '"Dr  
Ayman al-Zawahri laughed and he said `Mr. Mir, if you have $30 million,  
go to the black market in central Asia, contact any disgruntled Soviet  
scientist, and a lot of ... smart briefcase bombs are available,'" Mir  
said in the interview.' ... '"They have contacted us, we sent our  
people ... and they negotiated, and we purchased some suitcase bombs,"  
Mir quoted al-Zawahri as saying.' ... 'Mir describe al-Zawahri as "the  
real brain behind Osama bin Laden."'

Quid Pro Quack. By MAUREEN DOWD // public policy as private  

	'Justice Scalia proffers that while he accepted the vice president's  
offer of a ride on Air Force Two to Louisiana for a duck hunting trip,  
taking along his son and son-in-law, there was no quid pro quack. "I  
never hunted in the same blind as the vice president," he says. No need  
for justice to be blind when the blinds are just.'

[and] Ducking Democracy? Scalia's Lessons for Iraqis
Sarah Whalen, Arab News // extremely interesting perspective.

	'... Iraqi judges know something Scalia may not — a Hadith of  
unimpeachable authenticity teaches that two out of every three judges  
are going to hell.' ... 'So imagine Iraqi judges’ perplexity when  
Scalia not only refuses to recuse himself from a case in which his  
impartiality is now reasonably in doubt, but then publicly mocks those  
who dare suggest he should.' ... '...then, he quacked. Just like a  
duck.' ... 'Washington State’s Congressman Jim McDermott remarked that  
Cheney’s case created "a public energy policy which has led to two  
invasions, two occupations" — a direct reference to US Middle East  
policy.' .. 'The stakes could not be higher.'

[and] Scalia's ducking of recusal injures court
	'Justice Antonin Scalia is smart, witty and dangerous.' ... 'Scalia's  
decision runs counter to both the judicial code (especially the canon  
that calls for judges to regulate out-of-court activities "to minimize  
the risk of conflict with judicial duties") and federal law (a judge  
"shall disqualify himself in any proceeding in which his impartiality  
might reasonably be questioned").'

[and] Cheney, energy and Iraq invasion:
Supreme Court to rule on secrecy // *** must read...

	'Why has the administration gone to such lengths to avoid disclosing  
how it developed its new energy policy?' ... 'Significant evidence  
points to the possibility that much more could be revealed than mere  
corporate cronyism: The national energy policy proceedings could open a  
window onto the Bush administration's decision-making process and  
motives for going to war on Iraq.' ... '[Documents from the Task Force  
included] maps of Middle East and Iraqi oilfields, pipelines,  
refineries and terminals, two charts detailing various Iraqi oil and  
gas projects, and a March 2001 list of "Foreign Suitors for Iraqi  
Oilfield Contracts," detailing the status of their efforts.' ... 'An  
April 2001 report by the U.S. Council on Foreign Relations and the  
[James?] Baker Institute for Public Policy -- commissioned by Cheney to  
help shape the new energy policy -- also devoted serious attention to  
Iraq.' ... 'There are many other indications that, despite the Bush  
administration's repeated and insistent denials, petroleum politics may  
have played a crucial role in the U.S. invasion of Iraq.'

// not sure if this is an actual possibility-- yet much of the concern  
// oil is that it is going to overheat the economic forces, and Kyoto  
// be a way to bring a balance into the forces which could buffer raw  
// with reasonable demand versus environmental and other cultural  
costs. it
// is wondered if these events could be beneficial to one another  

U.N. to Russia: Ratify Kyoto! // this could transform existing dynamics.

	'Kyoto will collapse without Russian backing because it must be  
ratified by countries accounting for 55 percent of carbon dioxide  
emissions by industrialized countries.' ..  'Now backed by states  
accounting for 44 percent, the protocol needs Russia's 17 percent to  
reach the goal after the withdrawal of the United States with 36  
percent. But President Vladimir Putin has expressed worries Kyoto might  
limit Russian economic growth.' .. 'Bush's father, ex-President George  
Bush, signed up for the climate change Convention at a 1992 Earth  
Summit in Rio de Janeiro and told delegates "we must leave this earth  
in better condition than we found it."'

A Chip That Makes Electronics Easier To Use // vs programming  

	'Amulet's chip solves the problem by putting a complete graphical user  
interface on a separate inexpensive chip that can be easily programmed,  
and easily connected to most existing microcontroller chips. It's  
called the Easy GUI chip, and Amulet sells it as a standalone chip or  
installed directly on an LCD screen. Since Amulet is a fabless  
semiconductor company that doesn't have its own factory of "fab,"  
Singapore's Chartered Semiconductor (nasdaq: CHRT -news -people ) is  
building it for Amulet under contract.' .. 'With the Easy GUI chip,  
programmers designing their device's look and feel don't have to learn  
any complicated programming languages, but instead use standard HTML  
and graphic design tools that make the process almost as easy as  
building a Web site. Digital images, icons and graphics can be quickly  
adapted for display on the LCD screen. And all the interface design can  
be done using standard tools from companies like Adobe (nasdaq: ADBE  
-news -people ), Macromedia (nasdaq: MACR -news -people ) and Microsoft  
(nasdaq: MSFT -news -people ). Simplifying that process saves  
development time and lowers production cost.' .. 'The upshot for  
consumers: more electronic products with dynamic Windows- or  
Macintosh-like GUI interfaces will be showing up in kitchen appliances  
or in the car or even at the gasoline pump--all of them made more  
easily (and cheaply) than ever before.'

// suggestions for improvement include nuclear diplomacy, sharing  

Addressing the Unthinkable, U.S. Revives Study of Fallout

	'In a secretive effort that began five years ago but whose outlines  
are just now becoming known, the government's network of weapons  
laboratories is hiring new experts, calling in old-timers, dusting off  
data and holding drills to sharpen its ability to do what is  
euphemistically known as nuclear attribution or post-event forensics.'  
.. 'It is also building robots that would go into an affected area and  
take radioactive samples, as well as field stations that would dilute  
dangerous material for safe shipment to national laboratories.' ...  
'The basic science relies on faint clues — tiny bits of radioactive  
fallout, often invisible to the eye, that under intense scrutiny can  
reveal distinctive signatures. Such wisps of evidence can help identify  
an exploded bomb's type and characteristics, including its country of  
origin.' ... 'Having the ability to find out who launched a domestic  
nuclear strike, the [NRC] report said, could deter attackers and  
bolster threats of retaliation.' ... 'One way of trying to identify a  
bomb's origin positively, several experts say, is to match debris  
signatures with libraries of classified data about nuclear arms around  
the world, including old fallout signatures and more direct  
intelligence about bomb types, characteristics and construction  

Raid rewards soft line by Bush on smuggling:
US anxious to back ally despite nuclear ring

	'The unprecedented Pakistani offensive against al-Qaida in the Hindu  
Kush mountains has coincided with the Bush administration's decision to  
ignore long-held suspicions that the government in Islamabad was  
involved in a nuclear smuggling ring.' .. 'The timing of the assault -  
apparently aimed at capturing al-Qaida's deputy leader, Ayman  
al-Zawahiri - has led to allegations that President George Bush has  
struck a deal with President Pervez Musharraf.' .. 'As part of that  
deal, the administration's critics argue, General Musharraf would  
deliver the al-Qaida leadership in time for the US presidential  
elections in November. In return, Pakistan would avoid the sanctions  
that would normally be applied against "rogue states" so deeply  
implicated in nuclear proliferation.' ... 'To put the stamp on that  
pact, the US secretary of state, Colin Powell, announced this week that  
Pakistan was to be made a member of America's "major non-Nato ally"  
club, a vote of confidence that confers advantages in acquiring  
sophisticated weapons.'

// this could also be used as a way to build telecom infrastructure into
// structures, with LED, laser, and IR communications through the  

Concrete casts new light in dull rooms // images. concrete screen.  
thanks *
Light transmitting concrete is set to go on sale later this year.

	'The days of dull, grey concrete could be about to end. A Hungarian  
architect has combined the world’s most popular building material with  
optical fiber from Schott to create a new type of concrete that  
transmits light.'

02-- electromagnetic health & safety

Fires in Manholes, Not a Winter Rarity, Are on the Rise // NYC  

	'In fact, fire officials say the number of fires in manholes is on the  
rise, and the ingredients are far from rare.' .. 'Melted snow mixes  
with street salt and washes into a manhole. The slushy mix corrodes the  
insulation of the underground electrical wires. The insulation slowly  
burns, releasing flammable gases. Along comes a spark.' .. 'With each  
slushy winter, these basic conditions return to the roughly 90,000  
miles of underground electrical wires, more than half of them older  
than 30 years.' ... 'On average, about 2,500 total manhole incidents  
occur each year. Last winter there were 4,600, Mr. Long said.'

Chip health study on the way // via macsurfer.com

	'Up until the late 1990s, when many chip factories became highly  
automated, chip manufacturing workers handled and worked around a host  
of chemicals, including benzene, trichloroethylene and arsenic. These  
employees work in particle-free ``clean'' rooms, where they wear  
full-body ``bunny suits'' and other gear designed so nothing  
contaminates silicon wafers.' .. 'The consequences of clean-room work  
on employees' health has been the subject of lawsuits filed against IBM  
and National Semiconductor of Santa Clara. Both companies have been  
sued by former workers who contend they developed cancer from working  
around toxic chemicals.'

[and] Tech to study cancer data // via macsurfer.com
Industry to probe risks of exposure in chip-making plants

Teen sunbed ban plan

[and] Experts call for child sunbed ban
Children under 16 should be banned from using sunbeds because
of the risk of cancer in later life, say researchers.

[and] Campaigners Urge Age Limit on Sunbed Use

	'[Hiom] called for EU-wide guidelines and said all sunbeds made and  
sold in Europe should carry a permanent warning setting out the risks.'  
.. 'Between 1995 and 2000 cases of malignant melanoma – the potentially  
fatal form of skin cancer – increased by 24%.'

03-- electromagnetic trash & treasure

Why software still stinks: // free day-pass. linear software
Programming must change -- but how? At a reunion // *** subject matter  
of coding pioneers, answers abound.  By Scott Rosenberg //  

	'...in the first flush of the personal computer era, the role of  
software innovator began to evolve into something more like the grand  
American tradition of the basement inventor -- with a dollop of the  
huckster on top and, underneath, a deep foundation of idealism.' ...  
'If computers are, as it has often been put, "amplifiers for our  
brains," then software's limitations cap the volume way too low...' ...  
'Finding new ways to think about programming and to make better  
software demands a willingness for pioneers to open up their work so  
others can learn from it.'

Uranium // via ae-l. relates to depleted uranium (DU) bullets/shells,  

	'How can uranium affect people's health?  The greatest health risk  
from large intakes of uranium is toxic damage to the kidneys, because,  
in addition to being weakly radioactive, uranium is a toxic metal.  
Uranium exposure also increases your risk of getting cancer due to its  
radioactivity. Since uranium tends to concentrate in specific locations  
in the body, risk of cancer of the bone, liver cancer, and blood  
diseases (such as leukemia) are increased. Inhaled uranium increases  
the risk of lung cancer.'

E-mail usage dropping due to spam

04-- electromagnetic security & surveillance

Security beyond the firewall // patch management

Drone Spy Plane Crashes in Afghan Palace

[and] Afghan Aviation Minister Assassinated // non-em-related

05-- electromagnetic power & energy

'Shocking' Research Points To Ways To Protect Technology-- Toronto's CN
Tower acts as a lightning laboratory, teaching scientists how to protect
delicate electronic equipment against high-voltage surges, says a new  

Putin pledges sweeping tax reform // oil tax

	'Oil companies will be required to pay more tax while social tax paid  
by Russian employers will be reduced.' ... 'The government says the tax  
cuts will be recovered by increasing levies on the oil industry.' ..  
'But Mr Putin says the regime for oil companies would be introduced  
cautiously so that "it doesn't undermine the energy sector's potential  
for growth".' .. 'He said reform was necessary to provide "an economic  
breakthrough".' .. 'The World Bank warned last month that Russia may be  
overly dependent on oil sales revenue.'

Oil prices stay high one year after Iraq War // interesting overview...

	'During the buildup of the US-led invasion of Iraq last March, oil  
prices raced to 38 dollars a barrel, the highest since the Gulf crisis  
in 1990. Later with the fall of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, oil prices  
began to fall. Many analysts then predicted that oil prices would  
return to 25 dollars a barrel with the recovery of Iraq's oil exports.'  
... '... analysts here ... say the most immediate reason for price  
surges lies in the decisions of production cuts by the Organization of  
Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which supply about a third of the  
world's oil.' ... 'Most analysts forecast that global oil market will  
see a risingdemand as the United States and China are expected to  
continue increasing oil consumption this year.'

U.N. Plans Independent Oil Program Probe

	'The U.N. chief [Kofi Annan] said in the letter he wants "an  
independent, high-level inquiry to investigate the allegations relating  
to the administration and management of the program, including  
allegations of fraud and corruption."'

06-- electromagnetic current & human affairs

// the integrative approach of robitics in creative education...

Robots, fighter planes rule roost here // Ahmedabad, India

	'Dipak Thanujoam, a final year student of Electrical Engineering,  
..is.. the student co-ordinator for the festival. Dipak added, ''The  
creativity and talent was always there, but there was no way of  
showcasing the ability. This is an attempt to promote the talent as  
well as nurture the inherent creativity of our students.'

Dogging Craze Has Brits in Heat // * adult content *

Study Finds Male And Female Brains Respond Differently To Visual Stimuli

	'The fMRI scans revealed significantly higher levels of activation in  
the amygdala, which controls emotion and motivation, in the brains of  
the male subjects compared to the females, despite the fact that both  
males and females expressed similar subjective assessments of their  
levels of arousal after viewing the images.'

For Most Africans, Internet Access
Is Little More Than a Pipe Dream //via scitech daily

	'Throughout the countries of sub-Saharan Africa, access to media is  
largely an urban phenomenon. Newspapers and Internet cafes, though  
expensive, are available in every African capital; but in rural areas  
-- where it is often a struggle to achieve basic health care and  
education -- a newspaper is often a luxury, and the Internet is a  
distant dream.'

07-- electromagnetic transport & communication

Wireless internet stumbles ahead
The spread of wi-fi is being hampered by increasing complex and  
products, an industry body promoting the technology has said.

	'Computing Which? tested 12 different wireless products and found that  
some would not talk to each other, others were far too complicated to  
set up and one device could not be tested at all due to technical  
problems.' .. '"Setting up a wireless network is more complex than  
assembling flat-packed furniture - it shouldn't be," said Jessica Ross,  
editor of Computing Which?'

US astronaut's remarks add twist to Great Wall dispute

Russia Designers Work on New Spacecraft

Robots battle to be the best // robolympics

NC State Scientists Develop Breakthrough Internet Protocol
Researchers in North Carolina State University's Department of Computer  
have developed a new data transfer protocol for the Internet that makes  
high-speed Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) connections seem lethargic.

08-- electromagnetic matter & information

Nanoscale Building Blocks Shaped by Electricity: Varying voltage  
30 different nanocrystal structures, from nanowires to nanobrushes //  

	'"The architectures of the nanocrystals are mainly controlled by  
applied voltages," says Zhili Xiao, lead scientist on the project.  
"This gives us much greater control over the growth conditions of the  
nanocrystals. We were able to create a great variety of structures with  
greater convenience and predictability compared with more traditional  

Slot machine looms large in EU-Microsoft case // via macsurfer.com

	'Windows XP Embedded is sold to manufacturers of relatively  
uncomplicated machines such as cash dispensers and cash registers. The  
manufacturers use the software to design a scaled-down version of  
Windows XP to run their hardware, excluding non-essential functions  
like Outlook Express and Media Player.'

New massive subatomic particle created // pentaquark...

	'Quarks and their anti-matter counterparts come as six different types  
called up, down, strange, charm, bottom, and top. Several hundred types  
of particles, made of different combinations of quark types, have been  
produced to date.' ... 'Now an international team called the H1  
Collaboration says it may have produced a pentaquark built from two up  
quarks, two down quarks, and an anti-charm quark - which is about 10  
times as massive as a strange quark.'

09-- electromagnetic trends & inventions

TiVo Will Die: Three Trends Spell Doom for the Popular Personal Video  

New standard would let devices communicate by touch // Near Field  

	'NFC uses a combination of a chip, an antenna and some software to  
allow devices to communicate when they are within a few centimeters  
range at a cost of a few euros.' ... 'The forum members say NFC is not  
meant to replace other wireless means for devices to interact, such as  
infrared, Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.'

10-- electromagnetic weaponry & warfare

N Korea warns on US-led exercises
North Korea has threatened to expand its nuclear weapons programme if
the annual US-led military exercises in South Korea go ahead next week.

Mercenary PC game upsets Chinese

	'Project IGI2: Covert Strike features a freelance mercenary stealing  
intelligence and conducting sabotage in China.' ... 'This is the second  
time that a computer game has ruffled feathers in China. Last year, a  
game by Electronic Arts called Command and Conquer: Generals upset the  
Chinese.' .. 'In the game, a group of international terrorists set up  
base in China and fired missiles at the capital, Beijing.'

India riled by US-Pakistan ties:  India has expressed disappointment at
a decision by the United States to upgrade its relations with India's
neighbour and rival, Pakistan, without informing India in advance.

	'While here, Mr Powell said Indian/American ties, including military  
ones, were perhaps better than ever before.' .. 'But Saturday's frosty  
statement said he had not shared with Delhi this new decision on  
Pakistan.' .. 'It comes as India prepares for general elections in a  
month's time.'

11-- electromagnetic business & economics

America's Chip Crusade

	'The U.S. claims the policy discriminates against American chip  
makers. The Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) agreed, saying in  
a statement issued Thursday that competition with China must take place  
on a "fair playing field."' .. 'Yesterday's announcement brings what  
appears to be lingering tension to a head. Reached for an interview  
this morning, an SIA spokesperson cited how American semiconductor  
designers and makers are also steamed about WAPI. Yep, you read that  
right. Otherwise known as Wired Authentication and Privacy  
Infrastructure, WAPI is a standard endorsed by the Chinese government  
for making chips for wireless Internet devices.'

[and] US request of chip consultation in WTO "beyond understanding"

	'China levies a 17 percent value-added tax on imported  chips.  
Domestic producers also are subject to the tax but qualify for rebates  
of  as much as 14 percent. Some US manufacturers said it discriminates  
against  foreign firms.' .. 'But Chinese semiconductor industry experts  
said the  discrimination charge was groundless because China's rebates  
policy is open to  all companies willing to set up manufacturing  
operations in China.'

[and] China puzzled over US tax complaint

	'The dispute between the world's largest economy, the US, and the  
world's  sixth-largest, China, has erupted amid efforts at the  
Geneva-based WTO to revive  the latest round of global trade talks,  
which collapsed last September.' ... '"Widening conflict between both  
major countries will not be good for global  trade," WTO Director  
General Supachai Panitchpakdi told reporters in Bangkok on  Friday.'

// this gets at the issue of data management and the value of usable
// versus unusable information, even if only in terms of corporate-style
// productivity gains and losses (time=money). the 'relational  
// in contrast to the GUI operating systems, actually handles 'content'  
// not just navigation and storage- in that they can be related in  
// ways, organized and viewed in multiple ways, and, potentially,  
// as to reasons for the hunting-gathering or collecting-archiving of  

Information overload and its discontents // ** true belief in 'bigger  
is better'

	'Easily overlooked is the fact that the boom was a one-off event. The  
unique combination of the Year 2000 bug buildup, the Internet explosion  
and the telecommunications bubble is not likely to repeat during our  
lifetime.' ... 'My question is: How much more "productive" can we  
reasonably become, when most tools are still too difficult to fully  

Are oil stocks too slick? -- Driller and oil services stocks
have rallied along with crude prices. Have they gotten too hot?

	'"Higher demand in China, OPEC's actions to constrain supply, the  
falling dollar, the notion of potential supply disruption due to  
activities in Iraq, concerns about motor gasoline -- all of this has  
contributed to investor perception that oil prices are going to stay  
high and that companies in the sector will benefit," said Brad Handler,  
an oilfield services analyst at Blaylock & Partners. "So investors have  
bid up a number of stocks. With valuations where they are, we think the  
sector as a whole has gotten pricey in the short-term."' ... 'How a  
possible slide in oil prices would impact the stock prices is also up  
for debate.'

Lawsuit alleges Apple retail impropriety;
product invoices raise accounting questions
By Nick dePlume , Publisher and Editor in Chief

Shell denies auditor refused to sign accounts

Saudi Arabia Worried by High Oil Prices //...what if there is no  
'seasonal drop'

	'Saudi Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi said in an interview he did  not yet  
know whether strong oil prices would lead the  Organization of the  
Petroleum Exporting Countries to delay its  pact to cut supplies by one  
million barrels per day from April.' .. '"We too are worried about  
prices but we also look at  fundamentals of demand," Naimi told Il Sole  
24 Ore.' .. '"I am convinced there are two reasons for such a high  
price  -- the reduced quantity of petrol in America and speculators   
who are convinced there is going to be a lack of crude."' .. 'Naimi,  
oil minister of the world's largest crude exporter,  would not predict  
the outcome of the cartel's meeting on March  31 in Vienna.'

12-- electromagnetic artworks & artifacts

Fun with USB ports: Now you can plug ashtrays, noodle cookers
and even rubber duckies into your USB ports. // via macsurfer.com

Edison's Eve: A Magical History of the Quest for Mechanical Life

	'Gaby Wood's perspective is insightful.  She sees Thomas Edison's  
talking doll project as an effort to reproduce human-like offspring via  
the assembly line.  To her, early motion picture pioneer George Melies  
and his contemporaries were seeking to capture and manipulate human  
life through a machine...'

[and] BOOK REVIEW: ''Edison's Eve'' by Gaby Wood

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